Compost is a bio-fertilizer that feeds the soil first, by replenishing and invigorating the soil food

web. Actually composting is organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as

a fertilizer and soil amendment.

It is a key ingredient for plant growth especially in organic farming. Well-made compost is nutrient rich naturally balanced source of nitrogen, phosphorous

and potassium (N-P- K) and a host of beneficial microorganisms. Its incorporation means you are

“growing the soil” without artificial inputs such as synthetic fertilizers. The unavailability, high

cost and environmental concerns of inorganic fertilizers have limited their use for crop

production among the peasant farmers. Therefore the use of organic waste is increasing day by

day. Chemical changes attained by using organic amendments are slow but sustainable as it takes

about 6 years to reclaim the soil according to existing investigations. It reduces plant pathogen

and a best means for the restoration of fertility status and makes the farmers able to avoid debt

which they have to pay for mineral fertilizer.

Poor farmers cannot afford mineral fertilizers due to high rate so; higher benefit cost ratio was

also observed. Compost is considered a soil conditioner rather than a fertilizer. However, it plays

an important role in soil structure by improving microbial activity. It attracts beneficial insects

such as earthworms, which can suppress several soil borne diseases and holds its nutrients in

organic or slow release form, allowing for availability throughout the growing season. Organic

gardens use compost, instead of man-made chemical fertilizers, to get more vegetables from their


Home grown organic vegetables are consider very important for health and to reduce the cost for

vegetables. Recently efforts have been made to motivate the kitchen gardening in many counties

of world including Pakistan. Thus to grow organic vegetables, a compost pile will be one of the

most important tools in your kitchen garden. To prepare the compost, start composting on bare

earth. First lay twigs and straw a few inches deep that will help to aerate the pile. Add compost

material in layers alternating moist and dry. Moist ingredients are food scraps (kitchen waste) tea

bags etc. (Banana peels, peach peels and orange rinds may contain pesticide residue, and should

be kept out of the compost). Dry materials are straw, leaves etc. Add green manure (clover,

buckwheat, wheatgrass, grass clippings) or any nitrogen source. This activates the compost pile

and speeds the process along. Must keep the compost moist by watering occasionally, or let rain

do the job. Cover with anything you have – wood, plastic sheeting, carpet scraps. Covering helps

retain moisture and heat, two essentials for compost. Covering also prevents the compost from

being over-watered by rain. The compost should be moist, but not soaked and sodden.

After every few weeks, give the pile a quick turn with a pitch fork or shovel. This aerates the

pile. Oxygen is required for the process to work, and turning andquot;addsandquot; oxygen. You can skip this

step if you have a ready supply of coarse material, like straw. Once your compost pile is

established, add new materials by mixing them in, rather than by adding them in layers. Mixing,

or turning, the compost pile is key to aerating the composting materials and speeding the process

to completion. After the successful preparation of compost apply it to your lawn. The best ways

to use compost is to spread it around plants that are already growing or work the compost into

the ground before you plant.

In addition to nutrient importance of compost, composting of kitchen (vegetable and fruit) and

lawn, waste the waste stream out of your home can lessen by as much as 35% just Thatand#39;s a good

deal if youand#39;re paying for that extra refuse bin to throw compostable organic material away at the

street. Now this is a BIG issue these days. Numerous municipalities are trying hard to educate

the public about how to compost and recycle effectively so that landfills do not become mere

dumping grounds for laziness, ignorance, or over-consumption. A healthy organic soil makes for

more nutritional vegetables. So, stop buying those expensive synthetic fertilizers that destroy

your soil and wind-up in the waste stream through run-off. Seasonal additions of compost (for

example, Spring and Fall) protects exposed soils from drying out. The soil retains moisture

beneath top-dressings of compost and this means less watering. The soil retains moisture beneath

top-dressings of compost and this means less watering. With a small investment in time, you can

contribute to the solution to a community problem, while at the same time enriching the soil and

improving the health of the plants on your property.

By Web Team

Technology Times Web team handles all matters relevant to website posting and management.