Biodiesel crops and production, present and future scenarios in Pakistan

A liquid biofuel which is obtained from animal fats or vegetable oils and alcohol by chemical processes and can be used as alone, in diesel engine or by blending with the diesel oil. ASTM International (originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials) defines biodiesel as a mixture of long-chain monoalkylic esters from fatty acids obtained from renewable resources, to be used in diesel engines. The crops which are useful for the production of biodiesel are Sunflower,

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