Cardamom has a strong, aromatic flavour with notes of citrus, mint, and spice, making it a popular ingredient in various cuisines around the world.


Cardamom is a spice that is widely used in both culinary and medicinal applications. It is obtained from the seeds of plants of the genera Elettaria and Amomum, which originate from the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

Cardamom has a strong, aromatic flavour with notes of citrus, mint, and spice, making it a popular ingredient in various cuisines around the world.

Here are some key points about cardamom:

Types of cardamom: The two most common types of cardamom are green cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and black cardamom (Amomum subulatum). Green cardamom is the most commonly used variety and is known for its sweet and floral flavour. Black cardamom has a smoky, earthy flavour and is often used in savoury dishes.

Culinary Uses: Cardamom is a versatile spice used in both sweet and savoury dishes. It is a common ingredient in Indian, Middle Eastern, and Scandinavian cuisine.

In Indian cuisine, cardamom is used in curries, rice dishes, desserts (such as kheer and gulab jamun), and drinks such as masala chai. In the Middle East, it is used in spice mixes such as garam masala and baharat. Cardamom is also used in baked goods such as cakes, cookies, and pastries, as well as in a variety of beverages, including coffee and cocktails.

Medicinal properties: Cardamom has been used for centuries in traditional medicine systems such as Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine.

It is believed to have digestive properties and is often used to relieve indigestion, bloating, and gas. Cardamom is also used as a natural breath freshener and is sometimes chewed after meals for its refreshing effect. Additionally, it is believed to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.

Health Benefits: Although more research is needed, cardamom has been studied for its potential health benefits. It contains various compounds that may have antioxidant properties that can help protect cells from free radical damage.

Cardamom has also been researched for its potential cholesterol-lowering effects and its ability to improve digestive health.

Uses and storage: Cardamom is available as whole pods, seeds, or ground powder. Whole pods are often preferred because they retain their flavour and aroma for longer.

To use cardamom, the pods are usually crushed or split open to release the small black seeds, which can be ground or used whole. Ground cardamom loses its flavour more quickly, so it’s best to grind it as needed. Cardamom should be stored in a cool, dry place in an airtight container to maintain its freshness.

Overall, cardamom is a prized spice known for its distinctive flavour and potential health benefits. Its versatility and unique taste make it a popular choice in various culinary preparations around the world.