Chilli is a fruit of the plant life ‘Capsicum annuum that come from the genus ‘Capsicum,’ belonging to the  family of ‘Solanaceae. Capsicum is derived from the Greek phrase “Kapsimo” meaning “to chew

By Rida Shabbir, Sheaba Shafqat, Dost Muhammad, Aftab Umar , Athar Mehmood , Maria Naqve


Chilli Plant is an annual sub-herb and the culmination range in form, length, shade and degree of pungency. Capsicum flora are herbaceous or semi-woody annuals or perennials. The leaves are ovate, tapering to a pointy factor, measuring up to fifteen cm, darkish green on the top surface and light inexperienced at the decrease floor. The flora are small, white and borne singly or in clusters of two or three within the axils of the leaves. The  Green chillies grow high-quality in temperatures between 70 and 85°F.

When temperatures are outside of this variety, the chillies generally tend to drop their vegetation. They require full sunlight for the exceptional boom. .

History of Chilli

Chillli  originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of  geen chillli unfold the world over, used for both meals and conventional medicine.Cultivars grown in North America and Europe are believed to all derive from Capsicum annuum, and feature white, yellow, purple or red to black culmination.

The origin of chilies is assumed to be as old as 7000 B.C. Utilized in Mexico. Chilies were grown and cultivated from 3500 BC. Mexicans used it to boost their meals.

There are extra than four hundred different varieties of chilies found everywhere in the global. Today world’s largest manufacturer and exporter of chili, exporting to USA, Canada, UK, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Malaysia, Germany and many nations across the world. It contributes 25% of global’s total manufacturing of chili. Some of the most up to date chilies are grown in India.

34.5 million tonnes of in experienced green chilli  and 3.9 million tonnes of dried chili had been produced worldwide.

Chemistry of a chilli

The spiciness of chillis is due to the presence of compounds known as capsaicinoids. The  compounds above are the main capsaicinoids in chilli peppers. They reason a burning sensation while they come into contact with mucous membranes, due to their interaction with pain and heat sensing neurons.


Nutritional Value of  Chilli

Green chillies are the ones peppers that don’t develop absolutely and are harvested before they mature. They are extremely low in energy, are nearly fats-free which make them a top notch aspect at some stage in weight loss packages. Green chillies are stated to be a rich supply of nutrients which can be valuable for your frame’s nicely-being and comprise a wealthy mix of Vitamins A, C, K and the phytonutrient referred to as capsaicin which prevents the growth of most cancers cells in our body. Let us now understand the dietary price of inexperienced chillies via the table given beneath.

 Calories (40),Total fat (0.2g), sodium (7mg), potassium (340mg) ,total carbohydrate (9g) protein (2g ) ,vitamin(2g), calcium (0,01),Vitamin c(404%),Iron (6%),vitamin B-6 (15%),Magnesium (6%).

 Economical importance of chilli

Chilli is an crucial cash crop in India and is grown for its pungent end result.

  • Both green and crimson (Ripe) Chillies are used to impart pungency to the food.
  • Red chilli powder is used as condiment in each Indian household.
  • Green chillies of some varieties are used as vegetable.
  • It is also used for education of chutnees, masala, sauces and pickles.
  • It is wealthy supply of nutrition C.
  • There is call for for export of raw chillies and chilli powder.
  • Extract of green chillies may be used as bio-insecticide.


Medicinal importance of Chillies

Green chilli isn’t only a necessary condiment to growth the spice quotient and flavor in meals; it also is full of natural advantages. Here are most of the advantages of inexperienced chilli and the health advantages of ingesting them.

  1. May Help Treat Skin Infections

Green chillies are loaded with anti-bacterial properties. Thus it helps cure pores and skin infections and acne. It additionally offers healthy and sparkling skin because of the presence of Vitamin C. However, don’t forget to save the chillies in a dark and cool region as the chillies may lose Vitamin C if stored in warmness and mild.

  1. Good for the Digestive Health

Being wealthy in dietary fibre, it enables smoothen the bowel motion and therefore improves digestive health. Eating inexperienced chillies may additionally save you ulcers. However, it’s miles beneficial for human beings tormented by peptic ulcer to avoid eating inexperienced chillies.



  1. Aids in Weight Loss

Including inexperienced chilli on your weight-reduction plan also can burn off the extra fat for your frame due to its thermogenic houses. It also enables boom the metabolic fee.

  1. Controls Blood Sugar Levels

Consuming inexperienced chillies often can prove beneficial for diabetic human beings. Eating inexperienced chillies can prevent sugar stages from increasing in the body and balance it.

  1. May Help Prevent Cancer

Green chillies being rich in antioxidents  can also protect your frame towards free radicals that increase cancerous cells.

  1. Good for the Heart

Consuming inexperienced chillies additionally brings down the ldl cholesterol degree and triglyceride stage thereby stopping atherosclerosis. It also reduces the chances of platelet aggregation. It also helps growth fibrinolytic hobby that may prevent the formation of blood clots, a not unusual purpose of coronary heart attacks.

  1. Helps Cure the Common Cold

Capsaicin found in inexperienced chillies has a stimulating effect at the mucous membranes of the nostril. It additionally enables makes thinner. Thus mucus drains from the nostril speedy and treatment plans the not unusual cold.

  1. Helps Combat Mood Swings

Eating inexperienced chillies releases endorphins which assist in raising the temper and curtailing temper swings. It is also said to be a ache reliever.

  1. May Help Prevent Osteoporosis

Green chillies are rich in Vitamin K, which is known to lower the threat of osteoporosis. The capsaicin thing in green chillies can help save you the infection of joints.

  1. Good for the Eyes

Green chillies are loaded with Vitamin C and beta carotene, which are true for the eyes in addition to the immune gadget.


Side Effects of Consuming Chillies in Excess

Mentioned underneath are some side outcomes of inexperienced chillies:

  • Since green chilli has a great amount of dietary fibre, ingesting too many might also end result loss movement or diarrhea.
  • Overeating inexperienced chillies can reason rectal inflammation. This may be particularly painful in case you suffer from piles.
  • Green chillies may additionally increase warmness on your belly which makes them destructive for pregnant women. Including too many chillies in your food regimen can worsen the belly lining which could purpose a burning sensation in your belly.
  • Since chillies contain a excessive amount of capsaicin, consuming too many of them can be poisonous in your body.
  • Consuming too many chillies can motive your frame temperature to shoot up. The frame warmth also can reason mouth ulcers.



There are many people who like to eat spicy meals, and they encompass green chillies of their regular weight loss plan. While it’s miles okay to devour green chillies each day, you need to eat them moderately.