Mustard (Brassica juncea) is very significant crop. It belongs to the family Brassicaceae, which is cultivated in Pakistan as an oil seed crop.

By Qamer Naseer, Athar Mahmood, Safura Bibi, Najeeba Khalid


The second most important source of oil is mustard, which contributes an average of about 21 percent to the production of edible oil. The mustard seed provides a rich source of oil and protein. It is also cultivated for the production of oil andMustard seeds have high-energy content, having 28–32% oil with relatively high protein content (28–36%). The amino acid composition of mustard protein is well balanced; it is rich in essential amino acids.As fruit, the leaves of mustard plants known as mustard greens, are used. In addition, both seeds and leaves have historically been used for medicinal purposes, including historical usage as a popular cold curative and applications in mustard plasters, baths, and chilblains treatments.

Mustard is a cool crop for the season that can be cultivated in a short growing season. After emergence, seedlings are typically very tolerant to mild frosts, but extreme frosts can kill the crop. During the reduction phase, moisture stress caused by hot, dry conditions often causes lower yields. . 4 or 5 days can pass until the full extent of the damage is known if seedlings are damaged by frost after emergence. If the growth points are not lost, plants can recover.

It is an annual herbaceous plant. Under a wide variety of agro-climatic conditions, these crops are grown. The most important member of the community is Indian mustard, which accounts for more than 70% of the region under rapeseed-mustard, followed by toria, yellow sarson, and brown sarson.

Mustard oil has a peculiar fatty acid composition. There is around 20-28 percent oleic acid, 10-12 percent linolic acid, 9.0-9.5 percent linolenic acid, and 30-40 percent erucic acid in the oil of different genotypes of white mustard, which is indigestible for both humans and humans. Mustard oil is rich in tocopherols,

Nutritional value:

Through its different edible parts, the mustard plant carries a whole range of helpful constituents. According to the USDA, mustard seeds are a rich source of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium. Along with this, it is also a strong source of vitamin A and dietary folate. Mustard greens, or mustard plant leaves, are an excellent source of potassium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus minerals. It also contains vitamins A, K, and C as well as folate, in addition to a balanced dose of dietary fiber.

`Mustard oil consists of mustard seeds. There are usually 124 calories in one tablespoon of mustard oil, which although high in calories, is heart-healthy due to the presence of omega 3 fatty acids.Mustard greens are a valuable source of glucosinolates, including sinigrin, gluconasturtian, and glucotropaeolin, in the phytonutrient group. They also supply caffeic and ferulic acid phenolic acids as well as isorhamnetin, quercetin, and kaempferol flaviniods.

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Health benefits:

Mustard seeds are a rich source of antioxidants such as kaempferol, isorhamnetin, and carotenoids, and other important plant compounds that help the body avoid harm and disease of every type. The risk of coronary heart disease can also be decreased by these flavonoids.

A better alternative than most other cooking oils for the heart is also considered to be mustard oil, extracted from these seeds. A randomized study published in the Journal of Clinical Trials revealed patients with extreme cardiac ailments. It is considered a great decongestant and expectorant that helps remove the mucus in the passage of the air. For decades owing to its heat-generating properties, various home remedies have included the use of mustard seeds or oil for treating a variety of sinus-related ailments.

Calcium, dietary fiber, iron, manganese, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, protein, zinc and selenium are also found in mustard seeds, a trace mineral that is an antioxidant that can provide protection against asthma, heart attacks, and some cancers. Studies on the potential health effects of mustard for menopausal women and migraine headaches are currently being carried out.

 For those with diabetes, mustard leaves can be useful. A research published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology has shown that mustard seeds could be helpful in reducing the damage associated with this chronic disease caused by oxidative stress. Another research conducted in the Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis study investigated in vivo mustard oil administration and discovered that it can help to lower blood sugar levels in the body more efficiently than medicine alone.

  • Vitamin A is important for eye health.
  • Disinfectant and antiseptic to treat wounds
  • Diuretic for kidney function help
  • To purify and improve the blood, the detoxifying agent
  • Cough and sore throat medication.
  • Support good heart function.
  • Lower risk of chronic disease
  • Mustard greens will improve digestive health.
  • Speeds up your metabolism.
  • Stimulates and aids digestion.
  • Inhibits cancer cell growth.
  • Decreases symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lowers high blood pressure.
  • Soothes sore throats, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
  • Aids in helping reduce severity of asthma.
  • Helps heal bee stings..
Authors : Qamer Naseer, Athar Mahmood, Safura Bibi, Najeeba Khalid University of Agriculture Faisalabad