A substance that give nourishment compulsory for the continuation of life and for growth are known as nutrients. Plants require the correct blend of supplements to live, develop and replicate. At the point when plants endure from ailing health, they indicate manifestations of being unfortunate. Too little or a lot of anyone supplement can bring about issues.

Plant supplements classify as macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are those supplements that required in moderately substantial sums. Macronutrients are phosphorus, magnesium, sulphur, calcium, potassium what’s more, nitrogen. Micronutrients are those supplements that need by plants in little sums (now and then follow sums), like chlorine, copper, zinc, magnesium, boron, iron and molybdenum. Macronutrients and micronutrients are taken from the soil by the roots of plants. Every kind of plant is special and has an ideal supplement extend and in addition a base necessity level. Beneath this base level, plants begin to show supplement deficiency side effects. Extreme supplement take-up can additionally cause poor development as a result of danger. Along these lines, the best possible measure of use and the arrangement of supplements is vital.


Deficiency of Nitrogen

Stunted development may happen in light of decrease in cell division. Pale green to light yellow shading (chlorosis) showing up to start with on more seasoned leaves, normally beginning at the tips. Reduced N brings down the protein substance of seeds and vegetative parts. In serious cases, blooming is significantly decreased.  N lack causes a huge diminishment in yield and quality.

Deficiency of Potassium

More seasoned leaves can shrink, seared (burned). Chlorosis occur from base of the veins, searing internally from edge of the leaf.

Deficiency of Phosphorus

Tips of leaf become smoldered. Leaves appear as dull, dark green, blue green, or red-purple, especially from the underside.

Deficiency of Calcium

Leaves from the top of the plant are mutilated or sporadically molded. It also causes end of bloom and decay.

Deficiency of Magnesium

It occur chlorosis from the margins, effected the young leaves with continuous stress and leaves may curl upward. It mostly occur late in growing season.

Deficiency of Sulphur

Yellowing in younger leaves, non-uniform chlorosis occur.


Deficiency of Boron

Stem become rough and cracked, internodes become short from shoot terminals.

Deficiency of Copper

Leaves are dull green, plant is hindered.

Deficiency of Iron

Yellowing happens between the veins of youthful leaves.

Deficiency of Manganese

Yellowing happens from the veins of youthful leaves, it also occur mottling in veins and the size of the plant will reduced (leaves, shoots, organic product) for the most part. Dead spots or patches.

Deficiency of Molybdenum

General yellowing of more established leaves (base of plant). Whatever is left of the plant is

frequently light green.

Deficiency of Zinc

Terminal leaves might be rosetted, what’s more, yellowing happens between the veins of the new leaves.

This article is collectively authored by Muhammad Ahtisham Tahir, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum, Tahir Mushtaq, Muhammad Usama, Khyzer Hayat and Muhammad Safeer-Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad.