The farming without use of synthetic chemicals like fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides etc and rely upon crop rotation, crop residues, animal wastes ,mineral rocks and biological system of nutrient management and crop protection.

Organic farming has four principles which includes principle of health, care, fairness and ecology. The first principle which is most important and has its unique characteristics about health of animal ,humans, soil and crop. It enhances the health of soil, crop ,animals as well as humans. We are all knowing that health is wealth. It also enhances the health of ecosystem and microorganisms in the soil to human beings.

The next principle is about care and precautionary measures. Basically, It is a living system that responsible for internal and external demands and conditions .It is stated that precautionary measures and responsibility are the important in technology ,management and development choices in organic agriculture.

The principle of fairness aims to grow or produce a sufficient supply of quality products. Natural and environmental resources that are used for production and consumption should be managed in a way that is socially and ecologically just and should be held in trust for future generations. It also includes fair systems of production ,distribution ,and trade that are are open and account for social costs and real environment.

It reduces inputs by reuse and efficient management of materials and energy is maintained and enhance environmental quality and also conserve resources.It should attain ecological balance through the farming system and maintenance of agriculture diversity.

The benefits of organic farming are uncountable.It increases farmer’s profit.The input costs are low because of recycling of products. Synthetic products increase the chances of diseases in animals and humans. No doubt the yield is low in organic farming but products are safe for all.The soil health is improved by activity of beneficial insects and microorganisms. It saves the farms environment  for future generation.

The conversion of land from conventional management to organic management require at least five years. The management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system must be fine.Crop production with the use alternative sources of nutrients such as crop residue management ,rotations, organic manure and biological inputs.Pests attack are controlled by better physical and cultural practices and biological methods.Livestock is integral part of organic farming.

Organic farming saves nature.So if we want to save this planet then organic farming is a important key for us.

Iqra Ghafoor

Department of Agronomy

MNS,University of Agriculture Multan

By Iqra Ghafoor

M.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture/Agronomy MNS University of Agriculture Multan, Pakistan