Nanoparticles or Nanoscale materials more or less are all around us in smoke from fire, volcanic ash, sea spray as well as products resulting from burning or combustion process. It requires the skill to manipulate and manage these materials in a beneficial way.

Nanotechnology can be termed as the synthesis, characterization, investigation and application of nanosized (1-100nm) materials for the evolution of science. An essential area of research in nanoscience and nanotechnology deals with the synthesis of nanoparticles of different chemical compositions, dimensions, and controlled mono disparity.

It deals with the materials whose structures show notably novel and improved physical, chemical, and biological properties, phenomena, and functionality due to their Nano scaled size. Because of their size, nanoparticles have a larger surface area than macro-sized materials.

Currently, nanoparticles (NPs) have drawn marvelous consideration because of their valuable properties on various fields such as agriculture food, electronics, environment, industrial, renewable energy, textile and health care.

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are steering mankind into latest kingdom of competent, laborsaving and miniature toolsand to be the beginning of many of the main technological innovations of this century. Every scientific field, be it a basic science such as physics, chemistry or biology or applied science such as medicine or engineering is exploding with new discoveries at the nanoscale level. One such discovery lies in the potential to make use of nanoparticles and nanostructures in biomedicine to diagnose and treat diseases such as Neurological disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, Infections, Antimicrobial in general, and cancer and tumor in particular.

It is thus a predominantly interdisciplinary area – integrating thoughts, techniques from a broad range of conventional disciplines and manufacturing technology that allows the deep-rooted tendency toward smaller, faster, cheaper materials and devices.

The author is Phil Scholar, Department of Biochemistry, Hazara University, Mansehra, KPK. He can be reached at <>

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