STAFF REPORT ISB: The Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies (PRISE) countries have poor healthcare and educational conditions and high population growth, poverty and urbanization rates. Rural-urban migration is becoming one of the most obvious factors induced by climate change, which is profoundly changing the society as whole in Pakistan.

Speakers said this during a session “Impact of climate change on human capital and security” recently organised by SDPI in Islamabad.

In his remarks, Dr Fahad Saeed from SDPI said that under normal circumstances migration from rural to urban areas takes take place because a village is unable to provide livelihood to the people and the living conditions might be intolerable.

He said that 10 million people, or eight per cent of the countrys population, consisted of internal or international migrants.

Himalayan Adaptation and Water Resilience Network (ICIMOD) Nepal Consortium Coordinator Anjal Prakash, speaking via video link, said that the decisions to migrate had many causes. He said that environmental drivers were just one of five categories of drivers alongside economic, political, demographic and social.

Regional Environment Centre for Central Asia (CAREC)s Benjamin Mohr spoke on human capital, security and climate change in Tajikistan.

Ayesha Qaisrani from SDPI said that human development was a process of increasing peoples choices.She said that human security concentrated on empowering people with at least minimum set of capabilities to enable them to live a decent life.

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