STAFF REPORT IBD: The total 180 million population of Pakistan are at risk of going short of food due to the recent surge in the world food prices. Tens of thousands of people die prematurely every year as a result of air pollution, while many more suffer from breathing ailments, heart disease, lung infections and even cancer, statistics show.
According to reports, air pollution has also become a major problem in most cities of the country. There are no controls on vehicular emissions, which account for 90 per cent of pollutants.
The National Conservation Strategy Report claims that the average Pakistani vehicle emits 25 times as much carbon monoxide, twenty times as many hydrocarbons, and more than three-and-a-half times as much nitrous oxide in grams per kilometre as the average vehicle in the United States.
About three-quarters of the anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere during the past 20 years have been due to fossil-fuel burning. Activities consuming fossil fuels include power generation, industrial/manufacturing processes, transport. The rest of carbon dioxide emissions are predominantly due to land-use change, especially deforestation.
There are four types of air pollution – emissions from vehicles, thermal power plants, industries and refineries. The problem of indoor air pollution in rural areas and urban slums has increased.

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