Volume 07 Issue 17

  • Life without you "The insect”

    Today I am going to talk about a tiny creature having three-segmented body (head, thorax and abdomen) covered in an exoskeleton, three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes, and a pair of antennae called insects. Insects are everywhere, the most common animals on our planet. Million of insects species have been named, hundreds add every year and a large amount still unknown. Despite representing 80% of all animal species, people on the whole know little about that tiny creature. If a question asks from people, do you know about insects? I sure most of them will reply with a bad face without knowing the true facts about th…Read More

  • Earth Day marked to save world from disasters

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) is making efforts to establish at least one natural history museum in each province of Pakistan as the museum is such an important entity to impart informal education. PSF Chairman Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ashraf (S.I.) said this while addressing the inaugural ceremony of a one-day training workshop titled “Gemology & Modern techniques of lapidary & celebration of International Earth Day” at Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH), Islamabad. A large number of students, teachers, entrepr…Read More

  • HEC-US collaboration to boost higher education

    STAFF REPORT ISB: HEC Executive Director Dr Arshad Ali has said that Pakistan-US university partnerships have been helping to promote higher education in Pakistan by utilising the experiences of US partners. While speaking at the a day-long Pak-US university partnerships follow-up workshop organised jointly by HEC and US Embassy, HEC Executive Director Dr Arshad said that the partnerships among the higher education institutions of the two countries will go a long way in achieving remarkable outcomes and targets. …Read More

  • Expert links S&T with sustainable development

    STAFF REPORT KHI: Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) organised a lecture by Prof. Dr. Iqbal Choudhary, Director of International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS). Theme of the talk was ‘Science and Engineering for Sustainable Development of Pakistan’.  The Chancellor of SSUET Jawaid Anwar in his welcome address said the development of a country depends on the advancement in developing technology in different areas. The new technology with you…Read More

  • Project for supporting women IT graduates launched

    STAFF REPORT KHI: A project of supporting female Information Technology (IT) graduates access to information Technology Sectors through internship programme has been launched at the Hamdard University Campus.The project was launched under the Gender Equity Programme (GEP) of Aurat Foundation with the support of USAID and the project would be executed by Hamdard University. Speaking on the occasion, Regional Director Aurat Foundation Mehnaz Rehman said that the female IT graduates could not find jobs because of not having sufficient skill. The project would support them to groom and enhance their skills as they could get jobs easily. The fe…Read More

  • Dr. Zabta made UNESCO commission member

    STAFF REPORT ISB:  UNESCO has selected Dr. Zabta Khan Shinwari as member of its World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology COMEST. The COMEST, established in 1998, has had a prominent voice in this debate, fulfilling its mandate as an independent advisory body that utilizes the collective intellectual power of its eminent members to provide guidance on these important ethical issues to UNESCO, the scientific community, decision makers and the public at large. This Commission is c…Read More

  • Investment in IT industry goes up at $5.138b

    STAFF REPORT ISB: IT investment in Pakistan has risen to $5.138 billion as the sector is moving on a fast track. The Pakistan Telecom Authority and the five key companies operating in the country say “a large portion of this investment inflow is from foreign investors ranging from the UAE to Egypt, the US and China, among others”.  The amount includes investment made between FY-2010 and end-2015. A good year for investment was FY-2014 when the amount was $1,815.6 million and $851.6 million in FY-2015, in the wake of the 3G and 4G launch. Khurrum Mehran, Director PTA, said that “as a result of this launch the number of its subscribers …Read More

  • 5th NASA Space Apps Challenge organised

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad (IST) has organized the fifth NASA International Space Apps Challenge in Pakistan. IST is the proud sponsor and host of this International event and more than 20 teams from all over Pakistan participated in this event. Space Apps Curator Shakeel Shafiq opened the session. The keynote remarks were delivered by the event head Dr. Najam Abbas, Assistant Professor, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Head of Electrical Engineering Department, Dr.…Read More

  • Mobile broadband users reach 27.86m

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Mobile broadband users (3G/4G) in the country have reached 27.86 million at end of March 2016, showing a month-over-month growth rate of 6.39 per cent. All five mobile phone companies added a total of 1.67 million new customers to their 3G/4G networks during month of March, 2016, recently issued statistics by Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) said. Mobilink added most number of 3G users as 563,874 of its customers converted to 3G network. Telenor grabbed 477,017 new acquisitions for its 3G network while Ufone added 300,998 customers for its 3G services. Zong was able to convert 250,958 customers for its 3G networ…Read More

  • PCRWR to improve irrigation practices

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) has launched a weekly irrigation advisory service for its trainee farmers to help improve irrigation practices. PCRWR, a department of Ministry of Science and Technology, has trained around 700 farmers in 2015 under a project called the Watershed Rehabilitation and Irrigation Improvement in Pakistan. An inventory of trainee farmers was developed for follow-up to ultimately let them adopt informed and improved irrigation practices. The service is a step towards achieving that objective which informs the farmers about their net weekly irrigation requirements considerin…Read More

  • KP Apps Challenge for young entrepreneurs held

    STAFF REPORT PESH: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa IT Board (KPITB), Tech Valley Abbottabad, Code for Pakistan, World Bank and PTA has hosted a ‘Demo Day’ for the KP Apps Challenge in Peshawar. Youngsters from all over Pakistan were invited to participate in the challenge, which was judged by a panel of experts. Total cash prizes of up to Rs 0.6 million were also announced. Submissions of note included ‘Karigar’ - a mobile app that connects vocational tradesmen such as carpenters and plumbers to potential employers; ‘Ikhtiyar’ - an integrated website platform for lo…Read More

  • Comsats talk highlights need for bio-surveillance for national security

    STAFF REPORT ISB: The world needs bio-surveillance more than ever before in the face of new and emerging challenges in the form of epidemics, pandemics, bio-terrorism and bio-war fares, which may pose threat not only to health and economy of a country but also to its national security.This was highlighted at an expert talk given by CIIT Department of Biosciences Microbiology and Immunology Prof. Dr Habib Bokhari at the COMSATS headquarters in Islamabad. The lecture was held under the COMS…Read More

  • UET workshop projects significance of IT

    STAFF REPORT PESH: The Quality Enhancement Cell (QEC) of University of Engineering and Technology (UET) Peshawar has organised a workshop on ‘Effective Use of Information Technology for Quality of Higher Education.’ VC Prof. Dr. Iftikhar Hussain chaired the inaugural session of the workshop. Addressing the participants, he said that being the premier institute of education in the field of engineering, UET Peshawar would soon implement OBE System as per the guidelines of Pakistan Engineering Council. …Read More

  • Students display life-changing solutions thru projects

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Students of different universities displayed solutions that can change the way we live, work and play at the national final for Imagine Cup 2016 recently organised by the HEC and Microsoft. HEC Executive Director Dr. Arshad Ali was chief guest on the occasion. Microsoft Pakistan Country Head Nadeem A. Malik and HEC Director General (IT) Anwar Amjad also attended the event. Imagine Cup is a global student technology programme and competition that provides opportunities for studen…Read More

  • PMD, UNESCO promote coop on flood management

    STAFF REPORT LHR: UNESCO in collaboration with Japan and Pakistan Meteorological department (PMD) has recently organized a two-day international workshop aimed at standardizing procedures for Transboundary Rivers in the context of flood forecasting, to strengthen the flood early warning system and management capacity of Pakistan here Tuesday. The two-day international workshop is part of UNESCO’s ‘Strategic Strengthening of Flood Early Warning and Management Capacity of Pakistan’ Project, phase-II. Speaking on this occasion, the chief guest, Minister of Sta…Read More

  • UVAS symposium for revival of poultry feed sector

    STAFF REPORT LHR: Poultry stakeholders have called for withdrawal of all import duties, additional import taxes and sales tax on poultry feed ingredients, plant and machinery and grandparent day-old chicks. The demand was made at a symposium on “Emerging challenges and sustainability of poultry sector in Pakistan” arranged by the UVAS Lahore. Vice-Chancellor Meritorious Prof. Dr Talat Naseer Pasha and Secretary Livestock and Dairy Development Punjab Nasim Sadiq co-chaired the symposium. …Read More

  • Satellite for monitoring CPEC projects to blast off in 2018

    STAFF REPORT ISB: A satellite to monitor execution of development projects under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is set to be launched in June 2018. The Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and the China Great Wall Industry Cooperation (CGWIC) signed an agreement for the development and launch of the “Pakistan Remote Sensing Satellite (PRSS-1) System,” said an official close to the projects under the CPEC. Minister for Planning, Development and Reform, Ahsan Iqbal and CGWIC President,…Read More

  • Young researchers urged to play role for uplift

    STAFF REPORT RWP: Governor Punjab and Chancellor PirMehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rafique Rajwana has said that young researchers should play their due role for the development of country after equipping themselves with latest knowledge and technology.He stated this while addressing the 17th Convocation of PMAS-AAUR. The governor congratulated the recipients of degrees attained after hard work and dedicated studies. He said that bringing out the country from poverty, resource scarcity and scantiness is the task ahead of youngsters and they should participate with full zeal and commitment to turn around the state of affairs in favour of nation. He asked scho…Read More

  • Degrees, medals conferred upon PIEAS graduates

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Convocation 2016 was held at Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), the leading engineering institution of the country.Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms Ahsan Iqbal conferred degrees on the successful candidates of PhD, MS, and BS in the various disciplines.The outstanding graduates received degrees and awards including 27 PhDs, 437 masters and 97 BS, 11 gold medals, 34 merit certificates and 32 certificates of appreciation, says a press release issued here yesterday.Speaking to the gathering of scholars, intellectuals and scientists, the minister lauded the research output and quality education of PIEAS and appreciated the work s…Read More

  • ‘Birds of Pakistan’ book launched

    STAFF REPORT ISB: ‘Birds of Pakistan’, a book that covers the threat to some of the most beautiful creatures of flight in Pakistan, has been launched. It is a compilation by Arif Amin and Ghulam Rasool, supplemented by researches from Umbreen Arif. The book stands unique as it portrays a soft image of Pakistan, with hints at an important issue that plagues our world. Pakistan has almost 780 species of birds and this book has covered 96 species and a total of 122 photographs of birds.The book was formally launched by Syed Abu Ahmed Akif-secretary climate change while Fazal Abbas Maken- secretary science and technology, Shoaib Siddiqi-special secretary of interior, Nasir Masroor -member …Read More

  • Academia-industry linkages stressed to boost growth

    STAFF REPORT LHR: The gap between education and its practice can be narrowed by linking up academia and industry, Prof James Trevelyan from the University of Western Australia has said. Trevelyan was addressing the seminar titled ‘Bridging the Education-Practice Divide: Developing Graduate Engineers Who Standout from the Crowd’ held at the University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore. He emphasized the importance of research and being aware of new trends in engineering and technology. “In …Read More

  • Pakistan, NARO to join hands for farm mechanisation

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan is to work with Uganda to boost the agriculture sector through knowledge and technology transfer of simple farming technologies to farmers.  One of the areas that Pakistan wants to help is in the fabrication of agriculture machinery through the National Agriculture Research Organization (NARO) to increase the agriculture mechanization, according to Uganda’s Ambassador to Iran, accredited to Pakistani, Dr. Ahmad Kisuule.  Dr. Kisuule told the media that Paki…Read More

  • Tech education can control unemployment: NAVTTC

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Unemployment can be reduced by providing the youth technical education, National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC) Executive Director Zulfiqar Ahmad Cheema has said. He was speaking during a visit to the UET’s Al Khawarzami Institute of Computer Sciences (KICS).  “Skilled workers are needed in the country as well as abroad. NAVTTC is fulfilling the government’s vision for building a developed, industrialised and prosperous Pakistan,” he said. Cheema said that unemployment was one …Read More

  • Microsoft launches employability platform

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Microsoft, a global leader in technology and innovation along with its implementing partner, World Vision-Pakistan, has launched Rozgar.work an Employability and Entrepreneurship Platform. This platform provides job-seekers with end-to-end career guidance, up skilling, job-matching and mentorship all centred on a free online hub that brings the best resources together in a bold attempt to address unemployment and underemployment. The platform is powered by Microsoft Windows Azure Cloud, SQL, &am…Read More

  • Govt stops GM corn seeds sale as pressure builds

    STAFF REPORT ISB: As pressure has started mounting from agricultural scientists and farmers, the government has stopped the commercial sale of genetically modified (GM) corn seeds, in an about-turn after its earlier permission to certain multinational companies to market their seeds, but without meeting the basic criteria. A federal secretary, who was part of a recent meeting held at the Ministry of Climate Change, told the media that the stakeholders present in the huddle decided that the green signal for commercial sale of GM corn seeds would be taken bac…Read More

  • 1866 students get degrees at KU convocation

    STAFF REPORT KHI: As many as 1866 students received degrees in their respective disciplines at 26th Annual Convocation 2015 of the University of Karachi held at varsity’s ground. The topper of the varsity was awarded gold medal named after the Martyrs of Army Public School Peshawar. PhD degrees were also conferred on 145 students. In the presidential address, Senior Minister of Education Sindh and Pro Chancellor Karachi University Nisar Khuhro said that KU is not only recognized nationally for its high level of academics but globally as well.  He congratulated Prof. Dr. Muhammad Qaiser the Vice Chancellor for successfully organizing the Annual Convo…Read More

  • Seminar on ‘Zoonotic diseases of pets and human health’

    STAFF REPORT LHR: The Pet Centre of the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore has recently organized a seminar to create awareness about ‘Zoonotic Diseases of Pets and Human Health’ here in the City Campus Lahore.Vice-Chancellor Meritorious Prof. DrTalat Naseer Pasha chaired the concluding session of the seminar while Dean Faculty of Veterinary Science Prof Dr. Khushi Muhammad presided over its inaugural session.Speaking on the occasion, Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr. Talat Naseer Pasha said that main objective of the seminar was to gather the veterinary and medical professionals at one platform and share knowledge about the diseases transmitted by pets (dogs and cats) to human…Read More

  • 1m cell numbers blocked to curb grey trafficking

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), in its efforts to eradicate menace of illegal call termination, has identified over one million mobile numbers and subsequently blocked them.PTA regularly identifies mobile SIMs being used in termination of grey traffic in the country. A latest annual report of PTA last week said the Authority remained determined to tackle this issue by introducing a number of important measures over the years.Some of them include Monitoring and Reconciliation of International Telephony Traffic (M&RITT) system, heavy caller analysis, monitoring of IP bandwidth and raids against illegal exchanges in all parts of the country.PTA has also d…Read More

  • Uber inks MoU with PITB to promote tech use

    STAFF REPORT LHR: Uber, the global taxi-dispatch service app, has signed an MoU with the Punjab Information Technology Board (PITB) in a bid to promote the effective use of technology in Lahore. The MoU is aimed at developing technology that would bring additional safety and convenience for residents in Lahore along with economic opportunities for individuals and small and medium enterprises. “Uber delivers high quality service throughout the world and the PIBT is proud to partner with it in order to …Read More

  • Kwick innovation supports massive biometrics programs

    STAFF REPORT ISB: Some of the most ambitious biometric regulations in the world are taking place in Pakistan, where the government has determined the best way to deal with high-stakes national issues like fraud and terrorism is through the use of identification authentication technology.  In Pakistan all new SIM cards must be registered to an individual whose identity is confirmed with a database of citizens managed by the NADRA. The regulation has been put into practice gradually since 2014, but now nears …Read More

  • Budget being increased for science & tech research

    STAFF REPORT LHR: The economic development is directly linked to research and development (R&D) and this is why its budget in Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) is being increased from Rs65 million to Rs250 million, said Federal Minister for Science and Technology Rana Tanveer Hussain. While speaking at the LCCI, the minister said that all resources were being utilised to promote the research culture in Pakistan so that the country could join the club of the ‘technologically-ad…Read More

  • Scientization of democracy – the science & policy nexus

    “Unless scientists and policymakers learn to work together effectively, both domains will suffer.” – Lewis M. Branscomb What role does science play in the government? What is the role of science in relation to policymaking? Democratic societies make policies and decisions based on various inputs, including, economic considerations, societal standards, general public views, and the principles and vision of the government of the day. As we enter the 21st century, policy making is taking place in a decidedly dynamic environment. The emergence of t…Read More

  • Nano-zinc oxide as a future fertilizer

    Pakistan is known as an agriculture country because agriculture is backbone of Pakistan. But now days the agriculture sector is facing various global challenges like urbanization, sustainable use of resources, shortage and high cost of fertilizers, climate changes and environmental issues such as runoff, anthropogenic activities which may leads to accumulation of fertilizers and pesticides. The more challenging problem is that human population is increasing day by day and demand of food is more but food is not enough. The estimated increase in world population is from current level of 6 billion to 9 billion by 2050. So we must have to adopt efficient techniques to make agriculture mo…Read More

  • Marvellous link between Pak trade and GDP growth

    Contrary to regional trends, there is paradox underlying Pakistan’s growth trajec¬tory.  In Pakistan, trade grew 1.2% lower than our GDP, while on a global basis, trade has grown 1.8% ahead of global GDP growth on average. In the recently-concluded American Business Council Economic Summit, titled ‘Beyond Borders: Trade Treaties and their Implication’, I presented the hypothesis that “in all successful economies, GDP growth has a direct correlation with trade growth”. Trade – the act of buying and selling goods and services – is to me a key barometer to judge an economy’s vibrancy and growth. For any given country, it reflects the cumulative value o…Read More

  • International patent war and future of patent rights

    A patent is the transfer of a set of exclusive rights to a scientist or an inventor by the state, in exchange of detailed public disclosure of an invention which could be a solution to a specific technical problem (utility patents), a new design (Design patents) or a newly invented product (plant patent). Some people confuse patents with copyrights and trademarks. Copyright is a kind of protection provided to an author, artist or musician for their original work in the form of scientific and literary piece work both publishe…Read More

  • Agriculture sector must be resilient to extreme climate change

    The Global Climate Risk Index 2014 has ranked Pakistan among the three most affected countries worldwide for three consecutive years by climate-related catastrophes. Pakistan which suffered severe flooding in 2010 and 2011 was struck again by a rough monsoon season, killing over 650 people. Ranked third among 10 most-affected countries, losses to Pakistan were 9.53 per cent of per unit GDP, while absolute financial losses were $6087.82 million, while deaths per 100,000 inhabitants were 0.37. El-Nino conditions; is a weather pattern arising from temperaturevariat…Read More

  • Emerging anthelmintic resistance and medicinal plants as an alternative to combat resistance

    The worms are adversely affecting the efficiency of animals causing a huge financial loss to their owners. In our country the areas where animals are mostly fed on grazing, animals are at risk of heavy worm infestation. Generally, there are two types of parasites which can cause harm to the animals Ectoparasites and endoparasites. Ectoparasites are those which attack on the skin of the animal and damage the skin and transmit various pathogens through their bite. Ectoparasites include mosquitoes, flies, fleas, ticks, mites, bugs and lic…Read More

  • Promoting innovations culture

    It is beyond any doubt or argument that innovation and research have emerged as the driving force for economic development. The current progress in the developed nations is the glaring manifestation of this argument. As far as the case of Pakistan is concerned, vigorous efforts though are being made to introduce innovation economy, yet the international indicators are not satisfactory. In fact, the country is yet to see the dawn of culture of innovations. Most recently, the Global Innovation Imperative for the year 2015 ranked Pakistan at the 131st position out of 141 world countries. Different indicators like institution, human capital & research, infrastructure, market sophisti…Read More