Posts Contributed By "Mirza Abdul Aleem Baig"

  • 21 Posts in Total Contributed by Mirza Abdul Aleem Baig
  • GIS for strategic security of CPEC

    THE 21ST century has seen the establishment of global and regional strategic milieu around the world. This strategic milieu persuades geo-economic and geo-political tactical partnership among regional countries. Regional connectivity is one of the most significant aspects of Pakistan’s foreign policy and Pakistan has been trying to develop good relations with its adjacent countries. Maintaining creditable and healthy relation with China has been an essential part of Pakistan’s foreign policy, as China is Pakistan’s strategic partner and helps Pakistan in maintaining balance of power in the region. The history of Pak-China relations can be traced back since 1950 and bot…Read More

  • Scientization of democracy – the science & policy nexus

    “Unless scientists and policymakers learn to work together effectively, both domains will suffer.” – Lewis M. Branscomb What role does science play in the government? What is the role of science in relation to policymaking? Democratic societies make policies and decisions based on various inputs, including, economic considerations, societal standards, general public views, and the principles and vision of the government of the day. As we enter the 21st century, policy making is taking place in a decidedly dynamic environment. The emergence of t…Read More

  • Health Diplomacy – advancing health & foreign policy

    “Health is today a growing concern in foreign policy” – Dr. Margaret Chan Health is on the radar of foreign policy since it is connected to three global agendas i.e. security, economy, and social justice. Over the past decade, countries around the world have progressively acknowledged the significance of linking their foreign policy efforts and their work on health. Various events around the globe have contributed to the development of the field of “Health Diplomacy”, for instance the increase in global funding to fight HIV/AIDS, the treat of emerging and re-e…Read More

  • Who will rise against corruption?

    In his historic speech delivered to the first Constitution Assembly of Pakistan on 11th August 1947, Mohammad Ali Jinnah identified the first duty of his government as the maintenance of law and order and defined his second priority in the following words:  “One of the biggest curses from which India is suffering is bribery and corruption. That really is a poison. We must put that down with an iron hand and I hope that you will take adequate measure as soon as it is possible for this Assembly to do so.”  Regrettably for Pakistan, these intelligent…Read More

  • ‘Fighting the smokeless war’ – who will frame National Cyber Security Policy?

    The 21st century is seeing more countries paying attention to asymmetrical threats as a new dimension in strategic defense. Although, traditional security issues will continue into the new century but threats such as terrorism and trans-boundary crime has also attracted attention and is given focus as parts of the national strategic perspective. It is alarming that, in recent years, together with the occurrence of new information and communication technology (ICT) and the development of the internet, new threats have appeared, such as cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism, cyber espionage and cyber-conflicts, with the participation of non-state entities, and cyber war understood as confrontat…Read More

  • Citizen-Centric e-governance: Can Pakistan’s democracy be improved?

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have turned into the miracle medicine for curing any country from the diseases of corruption, mismanagement, poor governance, inflation, monopolies, illiteracy and so forth. ICT tools and techniques to support good governance have considerably changed with the appearance of social media, simulation techniques, opinion mining, open government data, text analytics and visualization. Today, people are more connected than ever before through ICT, linked to family, friends, social groups, and increasingly, government. Similarly, ICT …Read More

  • E-Judiciary – modernizing judiciary with technology

    “The future of law is not to be found in impressive buildings or leather bound books but in small pieces of silicon; in streams of light; and in millions of miles of wires and cable.” – Katsh Technological developments in the meadow of information and communication technology (ICT) and introduction of computers have made a turning point in the history of human civilization. It has brought about a change of tack in all fields of human activity and has resulted in enhanced efficiency, productivity and quality of output in every walk of life. Evolution in technology, particularl…Read More

  • Science Journalism – building public engagement in science

    “I saw on TV…”, “I heard on radio…” and “I read in the newspaper…” are phrases that catch our attention. In the 21st century, the mass media has become the most influential medium that communicates to large numbers of individuals. News is the building block that helps us to construct an understanding of the world we live in, and science and technology (S&T) are principal dynamics in shaping tomorrow’s world. Research and innovation have been acknowledge as key factors in meeting the numerous challenges of our time such as energy supply, food security, health and mobilit…Read More

  • The academic corruption in Pakistan’s Higher Education

    EDUCATION IS a fundamental human right and a major driver of human and economic development of any country. It not only strengthens personal integrity but also shapes the society in which we live. Every country builds universities and institutes for higher education. The universities have become the engines of progress for knowledge-driven economy in the age of rapid globalization. Higher education requires much more than just building structures and calling them universities and institutes. In Pakistan, the number of universities has increased enormously from summ…Read More

  • Science diplomacy - new mode of foreign policy in the 21st century

    HISTORICALLY, foreign policy can be assumed to have emerged when contacts between the earliest human societies took place. It refers to the actions sovereign states take towards each other. It is significant to note that these actions generally are not taken as ends in themselves but are joined in some way to larger principle from long run aspirations to more immediate aims that national leaders hope to achieve in their dealings with other countries. Sometimes the two terms, foreign policy and diplomacy create confusion. The most appropriate way to distin…Read More

  • ICT for re-engineering national security strategy

    “The ‘War on Terror’ is one of the most critical national security efforts in our history” – Sue Kelly. In the past few years, it became evident that there exits close connection between ICT and national security, which plays a significant role in securing the necessary level of national safety and defense of the nation. The notion ‘security’ is defined as status of defense of the life-important interests of the personality, the society and the state against internal and external dangers. Whereas, according to Oxford Dictionary, “security is the degree of protection to safeguard a nation, union of nations; person or persons against danger, damage, loss and crime”. Information a…Read More

  • GIS – an imperative tool for healthcare planning

    “We have enough water, enough food, enough money; we have enough of everything except the ability to agree and move forward.” – Abdul Kalam, former President of India. During the past decade, Geographic Information System (GIS) applications have tended to focus upon eight major models: agricultural, climate impact, health, parasitology, pesticide, pollution, waste management and wildlife management. Health topics addressed in a GIS format included: commuter safety, environmental health decisions, health data maps, mapping of health service providers, pop…Read More

  • Revisiting the role of ICT to combat corruption!

    “Bringing together communities that traditionally did not collaborate to fight corruption – activists, IT experts and musicians – hit the nerve of a young generation that wants to engage to define their countries future” – Boris Weber The internet, cell phones and associated technologies are deeply affecting social, economic and political institutions worldwide, primarily in new and emerging democracies. Governments all over the world have started resorting to the newly originate information and communication technology (ICT) to establish a citizen-centric, more transparent and…Read More

  • Media and good governance: An essential relationship

    The origin of the theory of “Good Governance” can be traced back to the Ancient Greek period if we catch the essence of Aristotle’s fundamental statement “the state came into existence for the sake of mere life, but continued for the sake of good life”. If we look into the term “Good Life” we can trace out the components of good governance which we converse in modern times. The political philosophers like Hobbs, Lock and Rousseau also stated the stipulation of the good governance through their social contract theories of the origin of the state. As said by John Lock, governments shall…Read More

  • Towards re-inventing good governance

    Good governance is perhaps the single most important factor in eradicating poverty and promoting development: Kofi Annan It is not complicated for people in developed countries to envisage a situation in which all interaction with government could be done through one counter 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, without waiting in lines. Conversely, to achieve this same level of efficiency and flexibility for developing countries is going to be far more complicated. Experience in developed countries confirms that this would be feasible if governments are willing to decentralize …Read More

  • E-governance: An important tool for fighting corruption

    Throughout the world, governments are faced with the challenge of renovation and the need to reinvent government systems in order to deliver efficient and cost effective services via information and communication technologies. E-government is understood as the use of such technologies to promote more professional and successful government, more convenient government services, greater public access to information, and more government accountability to citizens, whereas governance is a wider term which covers the state’s institutional arrangements, decision making processes, implementation ca…Read More

  • Corruption in health system: The scale of problem!

    HEALTH IS a most significant global industry but, more than that, it is a global human right. The health sector is susceptible to abuse through diverse channels. Health system integrates various different actors in a complex web of relationships, which makes corruption difficult to be identified where it exists. Corruption in the health system is broadly known both in developed and developing countries but widespread corruption in Pakistan is disquieting. According to the Transparency International, corruption may be defined as “the misuse of entrusted power for private gain” or “sale by government officials of government property for private gain”. …Read More

  • Rethinking GIS to enhance e-government services

    The World Summit on the Information Society declared in the Geneva 2003 Plan of Action that all countries should aim “to connect all local and central government departments and establish websites and email address”.  The routine business of every government is built on information and information is an important resource that helps to ensure the accountability of government, enables governments to control its operations, and permits the public to contribute in the governance of their country. With the innovatory changes that ICTs are bringing to our global society, governments worldwide continu…Read More

  • Health Info Systems for policy and decision making

    To provide optimal care, healthcare institutions need timely patient information from various sources at the point-of-care, and need a comprehensive, complete and fully functional system to fulfill all these needs.   Reliable and timely health information is an important element in health information system development. Collection of pertinent data and its related analysis to provide compulsory evidence for assessing the development and performance of health systems at national and sub-national levels is a major responsibility of any health information system.  The purpose of a health information system is to improve the ability to collect…Read More

  • Health Informatics – a turning point in health system

    NO PHASE of human life has escaped the impact of the “Information Age”, and feasibly in no area of life is information more critical than in healthcare and medicine. Improving healthcare services in any society requires strengthening various elements of healthcare services and it is understandable that the healthcare is an information-based and information-driven activity. Information signifies major actions in the healthcare profession currently a number of forces are together focusing attention on this function. Health Informatics is the field that orients itself with the cogni…Read More

  • HIT: Fuelling decisions, saving lives!

    “INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY is a pivotal part of transforming our healthcare system. We are at a critical juncture. Working in close collaboration, the government and private sector can drive changes that will lead to fewer medical errors, lower costs, less hassle and better care” – Mike Leavitt. The deliverance of healthcare is changing globally. Policymakers, healthcare providers, supporting industries, and payers all are playing a significant function in the revolution of healthcare from the existing reactive mold to one that is personalized, predictive, preventive, and participatory. The union of systems’ loom to sickness, biomedical technology, imaging technology, and healt…Read More