• Innovative techniques in dryland farming

    Dry farming is an agricultural method that allowed crops to be cultivated on the prairie, which typically received limitedprecipitation and endured harsh winters. The water scarcity is major challenge to crop production in theses area. But farmers are applying resource conservation technologies to get higher crop productions even under limited supply of water. A lot of advancement in conservation technologies has been made during last decade but potential impacts of some newly developed technologies to date are still a question mark. Some of them are discussed here;    Zero-Emission fridge   S…Read More

  • Role of ICT in achieving SDGs

    IN FEBRUARY 2016, Pakistan’s parliament did what it had never done before. It became one of the world’s first parliaments to formally adopt United Nation’s (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as the nation’s development agenda. Seventeen SDGs had recently been formulated by the UN, to be achieved within one generation (till 2030). Similar goals were agreed to by all the UN member states in 2000 too. They were then called Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). But our performance in achieving MDGs is not anything to write home about. To facilitate achievement of SDGs the cross-cutting Information Communication Technology (ICT) plays an extremely vital…Read More

  • Silicon can increase the crop yield by bounding the cadmium

    THE BACK bone of the most developing countries is considered as Agriculture. It contributes about 60-80 percent of GDP of a country. It is the basic source of foreign exchange for a country. Agriculture is not only the source of food for human beings but also a fodder source for animals. Most of the population in the whole world lives on diet based on one or more of the staple foods like, rice, wheat, maize, millet and sorghum etc. Wheat, rice and maize contributes about two-third of population. Therefore, the quality and quantity of these crops is basic concentration point for the farmers, scientists etc to feed the people of their countries. The wheat is considered a…Read More

  • Drone Technology: a climate smart invention in agriculture

    THE CONCEPT of drones is nearly a century old. It is also known as UAVs or unnamed aerial vehicles. The history of drones started as early as World War 1, but they weren’t developed in nearest until the 1970s, when western militaries started to look for new ways to keep save their human pilots from harm. Now the drone technology is transforming to other industries as well. This technology commercially uses since 1980s. However, practical applications of drones are expanding faster than ever in a variety of industries. Three years ago common people had no idea about these flying machines. Now, it does have become one of the world’s most publicized and fas…Read More

  • Biopesticides: key component in integrated pest management

    AGRICULTURE IS facing destructive activities of pests and weeds resulting in dramatic loss of productivity. Advancement in fertilizer and pesticides resolved these crises to great extent. But the overuse of these substances sometime leads to serious threats for soil environment and crops and damaging microbial population in soil and also resistance is produced in pests against these pesticides. Moreover the persistent time of residues of these pesticides is very high.  The gradual reduction in the use of pesticides in agriculture without effecting the quantity and quality of crops production can only be possible if new technologies are adopted that are economically attractive, e…Read More

  • Safe food production from contaminated soils

    WHEN WE study other nations, especially about the life spams we come to know that average life of other peoples is far longer than ours. Survey reports that average life span in America is 78.74 while in Pakistan it is about 66.44. Our life expectancy is not good due to actually poor diet, poor access to affordable health care, poor personal health habits and just plain poverty while these factors are mostly absent or minute in other developed nations. In our country no. of doctors for certain patients are also less comparatively. Even other developed nations have developed proper boards and societies for healthy diets and food safety etc. This makes their even common person much awa…Read More

  • GIS for strategic security of CPEC

    THE 21ST century has seen the establishment of global and regional strategic milieu around the world. This strategic milieu persuades geo-economic and geo-political tactical partnership among regional countries. Regional connectivity is one of the most significant aspects of Pakistan’s foreign policy and Pakistan has been trying to develop good relations with its adjacent countries. Maintaining creditable and healthy relation with China has been an essential part of Pakistan’s foreign policy, as China is Pakistan’s strategic partner and helps Pakistan in maintaining balance of power in the region. The history of Pak-China relations can be traced back since 1950 and bot…Read More

  • Impact of mulching on soil health and plant growth

    THE ENGLISH word mulch has been used since the 17th century, is probably derived from the German vernacular “Molsch” meaning soft or beginning to decay. Mulch is a material applied to the soil surface to prevent loss of water by evaporation, to suppress weeds, to reduce temperature fluctuations or to promote productivity. It is one of the important agronomic practices for conserving soil moisture and modifying the soil health. Nature produces large quantities of mulch all the time with fallen leaves, pine needles, twigs, or any other organic material. It is a source of highly stable carbon that increases organic matter, microbial activity, water holding capacity, nutrient holding cap…Read More

  • Schiff bases & its significance

    A SCHIFF base contains a functional group that possesses a characteristic double bond between carbon and nitrogen in which nitrogen is directly connected to an aryl or alkyl group. Schiff bases were first synthesized in 1864 by a German chemist Hugo Schiff. The general formula of Schiff base is R1CH=NR2, where R1 and R2 are aryl, cycloalkyl, alkyl or heterocyclic groups. These bases possess azomethine group (-C=N) so these are also called as azomethines, imines or anils. In nature, an imine group (-C=N) is present in the molecular chain of Ancistrocladidine tha…Read More

  • Impacts of the Pesticides Used in the Agriculture Sector on the Pollinators

    THE POLLINATION is a pivotal process in almost all productive ecosystems but pollination has been generally overlooked until very recently. The vital roles of pollinators are no less important in remote wilderness of the Arctic and deserts than in highly managed farming system. There are roughly 200,000 varieties of animal pollinators in the wild, most of which are insects. Entomophily, pollination by insects, often occurs on plants that have developed colored petals and a strong scent to attract insects such as, bees, wasps and occasionally ants (Hymenopter…Read More