The main causes of cotton crop losses in Sindh, according to agricultural experts, are a lack of certified cotton seeds and the sale of inferior seeds by private companies.

The main causes of cotton crop losses in Sindh, according to agricultural experts, are a lack of certified cotton seeds and the sale of inferior seeds by private companies. They also deemed institutional cooperation to be essential for the production of high-quality cotton seeds.

In accordance with a contract signed with United Bank Limited (UBL) for the development of improved and climate-resilient wheat and cotton seeds, the vice chancellor of Sindh Agriculture University (SAU) inaugurated an experimental field for the production and expansion of cotton varieties under the sponsorship of SPDC.

SAU Vice Chancellor Dr. Fateh Marri said during the opening ceremony that cotton was the crop that was most negatively impacted by the recent floods, which cost Sindh’s farmers billions of rupees in losses. Farmers are having trouble finding certified cotton seeds this season.

He said that in order to address the issue, the SAU is working with the UBL to conduct research on approved cotton and wheat seeds. Private businesses, the majority of which are unregistered, buy cotton seed from ginning factories and sell it unprocessed, causing irreparable loss to cotton farmers.

Approximately 80% of the province’s needs for cotton seed are met by these businesses. According to Dr. Fateh Marri, his university has created a new cotton variety called SAU-1, which is currently undergoing registration. Additionally, research is being conducted with the help of UBL to address the shortage of high-quality, certified cotton and wheat seeds.

The director of SPDC, Prof. Dr. Zahoor Ahmed Soomro, stated that the province’s farmers will be able to discard subpar seeds once more productive and disease-resistant seeds are produced through the research field.

Famous agricultural breeder Karam Khan Kaleri asserts that the SAU has made important strides in the development of wheat and cotton seeds. Institutions will need to collaborate in order to alleviate the agricultural crisis, particularly with regard to seeds.

According to Dr. Shahnawaz Marri, the project coordinator, in addition to experts, university graduates are also working on the research. When the project is finished, they will be a force that has been prepared to spread new seeds.

Ghulam Hussain Wagan from the UBL had earlier given the participants a presentation on the SAU-HBL seed project. Dr. Saleem Sarki, Director of Farms Jakhro Mumtaz Ahmed, Dr. Mujahid Hussain Leghari, Asghar Rajpar, and Faheem Memon were also present, as well as the university’s dean for crop production, Dr. Inayatullah Rajpar.