Mimic lobster eye to observe universe, Scientists eyeing the distant universe are sometimes inspired by the diverse creatures on Earth.

Chinese scientists mimic lobster eye to observe universe

The lobster-eye telescope developed and launched by Chinese scientists is the latest example. mimic lobster eye to observe universe, The National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) recently revealed the world’s first batch of large-field X-ray maps of the sky captured by the lobster-eye telescope, or the Lobster Eye Imager for Astronomy (LEIA). The LEIA, launched into space in late July, is a large-field X-ray imaging telescope, the first of its kind in the world, according to the NAOC. It is expected that with the “lobster eye,” people will be able to efficiently observe the mysterious transient phenomena in the universe. The most special feature of LEIA is its 36 micro-pore lobster-eye glasses and 4 large-array CMOS sensors, all developed by China. Biologists discovered early on that the lobster’s eye is different from other animals. Lobster eyes are made up of numerous tiny square tubes, pointing to the same spherical center. This structure allows light from all directions to reflect in the tubes and converge on the retina, which gives the lobster a large field of view.

In 1979, an American scientist proposed that the lobster eye be simulated to create a telescope to detect X-rays in space. But this idea failed to be realized for a long time until micro-processing technology improved sufficiently to make it possible. mimic lobster eye to observe universe, Scientists then developed lobster-eye glasses, which are covered with tiny square holes as thick as a hair. The X-ray Imaging Laboratory of NAOC began the research and development work on lobster-eye X-ray imaging technology in 2010, and finally made a breakthrough. The newly launched LEIA not only features the much-anticipated lobster-eye glasses, but also pioneers in installing CMOS sensors, which can process with high spectral resolutions. “We realized the application of CMOS sensors to X-ray astronomical observations in space for the first time. It is an important innovation in X-ray astronomy detection technology,” said Ling Zhixing, a scientist of the NAOC.

Source: This news is originally published by chinadaily

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