“Psychology is a science, and teaching is an art; and sciences never produce arts straightforwardly out of themselves.” William James underlines, ‘a delegate imaginative personality must make the application, by utilizing its originality’.
To put it plainly, no science, and no educational standards, can do what an inventive instructor can and ought to do, to be specific, and apply general plans to the instructing of particular students under particular conditions.
Conclusively this could be said that it is the teacher that is in charge of transferring productive ideas into compelling practices as opposed to any logical or educational remedy. It is the teachers rather than the techniques, which are responsible for effective differences in the studies of their students.
I believe that teaching requires both the art and science. Both of them are interdependent. This is so because if any of them is utilized by the teacher for teaching her classroom environment will be boring and not conducive to learning. An effective and viable teacher has to incorporate both the art and science of teaching.
Teaching as a Science
Teaching as a science means that there are different strategies and practices which have been proven to be effective in improving learning by a research. Teachers should utilize research to illuminate their training much the same as doctors does.
It is regarded as a science also because the teachers are continuously gathering data about their students’ performance through observations. They analyze whether the leaning is occurring and in what ways the students learn the best. What’s more, similar to researchers, teachers try different things with new strategies or techniques to perceive how they work.
This perspective on teaching is once in a while condemned for being generic. This is due to the fact that our understudies are not experimental subjects. They carry with them their expectations, fears, delights, and distresses to the classroom. Every one of them can possibly astonish us, can make new knowledge and create bits of knowledge that push our disciplines ahead.
Teaching as an art
Teaching is an art in the sense that the teachers must bring themselves completely into their teaching. As an educator one should discover the techniques and methodologies that work best for him/her. Teachers are not institutionalized items. What works for one instructor may not work for another.
In this manner, all the instructing techniques that one learns ought to be received and adjusted to accommodate one’s specific teaching situation and one’s own educating style. To be a viable instructor one should formulate his/her own philosophy of teaching. He must also find his/her very own novel abilities and figure out how to utilize them.
Regarding teaching as an art or science largely relies upon which meaning of teaching we embrace. If we are defining teaching as a way of helping students to learn, then teaching can be seen as an art of applying research. Providing students with such an atmosphere for research then despite of the utilization of the term ‘art’, and helping students to learn based on the observation we have done is more of a scientific process then an art.
On the other hand if we define teaching as the act of transferring information with no specific accentuation on how the students learn and the teacher fully expresses her feelings, regardless of learning effectiveness then such a teaching would be regarded as an art form.
Regardless of whether an educator chooses to train utilizing either of them may depend as much on their general instructive or teaching objectives, as on their definition of educating.