Climate change caused Indus Valley civilisation collapse

STAFF REPORT ISB: A study has confirmed that the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization which in its heyday spanned across present day India and Pakistan declined due to climate change.

Renowned scientists from the University of Cambridge have found evidence from Meghalaya, Oman and the Arabian Sea to provide strongly demonstrating that an abrupt weakening of the summer monsoon affected northwest India as many as 4,100 years ago.

The resulting drought coincided with the beginning of the decline of the metropolis-building Indus Civilization suggesting that climate change could be why many of its major cities were abandoned.

The multidisciplinary project hopes to provide new understanding of the relationships between humans and their environment and also involves researchers at Imperial College London and the University of Oxford.

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